One major source of spiritual immaturity in a believer's life, perhaps the greatest is fundamental misconception about the biblical concept of the Holy Spirit that we need to function effectively being Christ's disciples in our world. The misconception starts with the promised Holy Spirit that was spectacularly displaced on the Day of Pentecost as the historical beginning of the Church that Christ came to establish in the world (Acts 2). As the disciples gathered together on that day, "Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house... All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them. When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard them speaking in his own language (vv 1-4).
The misconceptions in interpretation and application of some Christians in our generation in particular are as follows: 1). They argue that if a body of believers is authentic in our day, everyone must speak in tongue which no one understands against what reported that each one heard them speaking in his own language; 2). An extension of the argument is that speaking in tongues can be taught by some "experts" against Holy Spirit being the one that spontaneously filled them to speak as moved; 3). Yet another misconception is that speaking in tongue is the yardstick of becoming a true believer, which some call to be second experience against through genuine repentance of sin and faith in Jesus Christ articulated later in Acts 2:37-39. The biblical reality of the work of the Holy Spirit is that He is for and within every believer and gives to each different spiritual gifts at will for the benefit of the body of Christ functioning effectively in the best interest of the body (1 Corinthians 12). The significance of the Holy Spirit is to make us witnesses for Christ in the world (Acts 1:8; Matthew 5:13-16). There are other passages that clarify the understanding, purpose and working of the Holy Spirit in a believer's life that must be understood in context if we would keep maturing in Christ. -Dr. Johnson Omoni.